Firebird Documentation IndexFirebird 2.5 Language Ref. UpdateInternal functions → COALESCE()
Firebird Home Firebird Home Prev: CHAR_TO_UUID()Firebird Documentation IndexUp: Internal functionsNext: COS()

COALESCE()

Available in: DSQL, PSQL

Added in: 1.5

Description: The COALESCE function takes two or more arguments and returns the value of the first non-NULL argument. If all the arguments evaluate to NULL, the result is NULL.

Result type: Depends on input.

Syntax: 

COALESCE (<exp1>, <exp2> [, <expN> ... ])

Example: 

select 
  coalesce (Nickname, FirstName, 'Mr./Mrs.') || ' ' || LastName
  as FullName
from Persons

This example picks the Nickname from the Persons table. If it happens to be NULL, it goes on to FirstName. If that too is NULL, “Mr./Mrs.” is used. Finally, it adds the family name. All in all, it tries to use the available data to compose a full name that is as informal as possible. Notice that this scheme only works if absent nicknames and first names are really NULL: if one of them is an empty string instead, COALESCE will happily return that to the caller.

Note

In Firebird 1.0.x, where COALESCE is not available, you can accomplish the same with the *nvl external functions.

Prev: CHAR_TO_UUID()Firebird Documentation IndexUp: Internal functionsNext: COS()
Firebird Documentation IndexFirebird 2.5 Language Ref. UpdateInternal functions → COALESCE()