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GRANT and REVOKE

GRANTED BY
REVOKE ALL ON ALL
REVOKE ADMIN OPTION

GRANTED BY

Available in: DSQL

Added in: 2.5

Description: When a privilege is granted, it is normally stored in the database with the current user as the grantor. With the GRANTED BY clause, the user who grants the privilege can have someone else registered as the grantor. When GRANTED BY is used with REVOKE, the privilege (registered as) granted by the named user will be removed. To make migration from certain other RDBMSes easier, the non-standard AS is supported as a synonym of GRANTED BY.

Access: Use of the GRANTED BY clause is reserved to:

  • The database owner;

  • SYSDBA;

  • anybody who has the RDB$ADMIN role in the database and specified it while connecting;

  • if AUTO ADMIN MAPPING is on for the database: any Windows administrator who connected to the database using trusted authentication without specifying a role.

Even the owner of the role can't use GRANTED BY if he isn't in the above list.

Syntax: 

GRANT
   {<privileges> ON <object> | role}
   TO <grantees>
   [WITH {GRANT|ADMIN} OPTION]
   [{GRANTED BY | AS} [USER] grantor]
REVOKE
   [{GRANT|ADMIN} OPTION FOR]
   {<privileges> ON <object> | role}
   FROM <grantees>
   [{GRANTED BY | AS} [USER] grantor]

(These are not the complete GRANT and REVOKE syntaxes, but they are complete as far as GRANTED BY is concerned.)

Example: 

-- connected as database owner BOB:

create role digger;
grant digger to francis;
grant digger to fred;
grant digger to frank with admin option granted by fritz;
commit;

revoke digger from fred;
-- OK
revoke admin option for digger from frank;
-- error: "BOB is not grantor of Role on DIGGER to FRANK."
revoke admin option for digger from frank granted by fritz;
-- OK
revoke digger from frank
-- error: "BOB is not grantor of Role on DIGGER to FRANK."
commit;

-- exit BOB, enter FRITZ:

revoke digger from frank;
-- OK
revoke digger from francis;
-- error: "FRITZ is not grantor of Role on DIGGER to FRANCIS."
revoke digger from francis granted by bob;
-- error: "Only SYSDBA or database owner can use GRANTED BY clause"
commit;

Note: Please notice that a GRANT or ADMIN option is just a flag in the privilege record; it does not have a separate grantor. So this line:

grant digger to frank with admin option granted by fritz

does not mean “Grant digger to Frank, and grant the admin option in Fritz's name”, but “Grant digger to Frank with admin option – all in Fritz's name”.

REVOKE ALL ON ALL

Available in: DSQL

Added in: 2.5

Description: Revokes all privileges (including role memberships) on all objects from one or more users and/or roles. This is a quick way to “clean up” when a user has left the system or must be locked out of the database.

Syntax: 

REVOKE ALL ON ALL FROM <grantee> [, <grantee> ...]

<grantee>  ::=  [USER] username | [ROLE] rolename

Example: 

revoke all on all from buddy, peggy, sue

Notes: 

  • When invoked by a privileged user (the database owner, SYSDBA or anyone whose CURRENT_ROLE is RDB$ADMIN), all privileges are removed regardless of the grantor. Otherwise, only those privileges granted by the current user are removed.

  • The GRANTED BY clause is not supported.

  • This statement cannot be used to revoke privileges from stored procedure, trigger or view grantees. (Privileges ON such objects are removed, of course.)

REVOKE ADMIN OPTION

Available in: DSQL

Added in: 2.0

Description: Revokes a previously granted admin option (the right to pass on a granted role to others) from the grantee, without revoking the role itself. Multiple roles and/or multiple grantees can be handled in one statement.

Syntax: 

REVOKE ADMIN OPTION FOR <role-list> FROM <grantee-list>

<role-list>     ::=  role [, role ...]
<grantee-list>  ::=  [USER] <grantee> [, [USER] <grantee> ...]
<grantee>       ::=  username | PUBLIC

Example: 

revoke admin option for manager from john, paul, george, ringo

If a user has received the admin option from several grantors, each of those grantors must revoke it or the user will still be able to grant the role(s) in question to others.

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Firebird Documentation IndexFirebird 2.5 Language Ref. UpdateSecurity and access control → GRANT and REVOKE